The trajectory and prestige of the company achieved in the market, is ratified with the appointment of DEMSA as official distributor of DUPONT for its line of clean gases.
Clean gases extinguish fires in situations and places where the use of liquids, foams and powders would be counterproductive, both due to the characteristics of the fires or due to the damage caused by extinguishing them with the use of said agents.
FE-232 HCFC 123 – Dupont (2,2 – dicloro – 1,1,1 – trifluoretano)
1. Identification of the substance and company
Corporate MSDS Number: DU002798
CAS number: 306-83-2
CAS name: 2,2-DICHLORO-1,1,1-TRIFLUOROETHANE
Identification of the company
National Route No. 9 – km. 79
(2804) Campana – Province of Bs.As.- Argentine Republic
Tel: (+54) (3489) 495 000 to 495 099
Material: 2,2-DICHLORO-1,1,1-TRIFLUOROETHANE* (HCFC 123)
CAS number: 306-83-2
% Present: 100
*Regulated as a toxic chemical under section 313 Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 and 40 CFR part 372. United States of America.
3. Risk identification
Potential Health Effects:
FE-232 HCFC-123 Dupont
Inhalation of high concentrations of vapor is harmful and can cause cardiac irregularities, unconsciousness and even death. Intentional misuse and deliberate inhalation of this product can cause death without warning. Steam reduces the availability of oxygen for breathing as it is heavier than air. This product causes mild eye irritation. The products, resulting from the decomposition of the product, are dangerous.
Effects on human health:
Eye contact may cause irritation with discomfort, tearing, or blurred visibility.
Overexposure, via inhalation of vapors, may cause temporary nervous system depression accompanied by symptoms associated with anesthesia such as: dizziness, headache, confusion, loss of coordination, nausea, and loss of consciousness. With overexposure (>2%), there is the possibility of temporary disturbances to the electrical activity of the heart with irregular pulse, palpitations, or inadequate circulation. Individuals with pre-existing diseases of the nervous system or cardiovascular system have an increased susceptibility to toxicity caused by overexposure to the product.
None of the components present in this material at concentrations equal to or greater than 0.1% are listed by IARC, NPT, OSHA, or ACGIH as a carcinogen.
• Sale only for use in portable fire extinguishers. Minimum load 1 kg.
• It must be documented that the product is for a specific and appropriate level of fire suppression capability.
• Fire extinguisher performance must be certified by an independent body (UL, FM, CEN, BSI, local AHJ) satisfactory to DuPont.
• The product must be sold in accordance with national and local regulations.
• Special requirements for fire extinguishers containing DuPont FE-232TM:
IT MAY NOT BE SOLD FOR USE AS A SECONDARY PRODUCT.
• The extinguisher must permanently have a label that mentions the risks of product exposure.
• Manufacturers of fire extinguishers are required to comply with the guidelines detailed in the Safety Data Sheet for this product and in the information supplied.
• Worker exposure must be controlled in accordance with the Threshold Limit Value (TLV) published by ACGIH through the use of appropriate personal protective equipment or other appropriate measures.
• DuPont must be granted access to the manufacturer’s charging facilities for periodic reviews to verify compliance with these guidelines.
• DuPont customers are expected to maintain awareness of the intended use of their containers and make reasonable efforts to ensure that the product is being used safely.
• Constant monitoring with appropriate alarms is required in the production area.
• Review of periodic monitoring in work areas
• Maintain the right for DuPont employees to inspect and/or monitor the manufacturer’s or repackaging facilities.
Information Communications Recommendations:
• Cycle of product management meetings
• Review the Product Safety Data Sheet
• Emphasize the review of the Health and Toxicity sections of the Product Safety Data Sheet.
• Recommend to manufacturer develop spill plan, then revised plan.
4. First aid measures
If high concentrations are inhaled, immediately move the person to an area with fresh air and keep them calm. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing becomes difficult, administer oxygen. Call a doctor.
In case of contact, wash the affected area with plenty of water for a period of 15 minutes. If irritation occurs call a physician.
In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Call a doctor.
Material poses an aspiration hazard. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting. Immediately drink two glasses of water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Call a doctor. If vomiting occurs naturally, lean the person forward to reduce the risk of aspiration.
Note to physicians:
THIS MATERIAL MAY MAKE THE HEART MORE SUSCEPTIBLE TO ARRHYTHMIAS.
Catecholamines such as adrenaline and other compounds with similar effects should be reserved for emergencies and used only under special precautions.
5. Measures for fire fighting
Flash point: Does not burn
Flammability Limits in Air % by Volume:
LEL: Not applicable per ASTM E681
UEL: Not applicable per ASTM E681
Autoignition: Not determined
As appropriate as the materials present in the area.
Fire Fighting Instructions
Use water spray to cool cylinders. Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)
it is required in case drums rupture and contents are released under fire conditions.
Liquid water residue should be contained and neutralized prior to release.
6. Measures in case of accidental leaks
Ventilate area of leak.
The DuPont Emergency Exposure Limits (EEL) are established to facilitate the task of emergency evacuation of the site or plant and specify the concentrations that, for a short period of time, the human body can withstand without suffering permanent damage to health or interfere with the evacuation process. EELs are expressed in concentrations multiplied by time, maximum 60 minutes and a concentration ceiling.
These limits are used in conjunction with engineering controls and monitoring and as an aid in planning for random releases and spills.
DuPont’s EEL for FE-232 HCFC-123 is 1000 ppm for up to 60 minutes with a one minute tolerance not to exceed 2500 ppm concentration.
Leak. Prevent liquid from entering drains, water access ways, or low-rise areas. Ventilate area.
Pick up spill with absorbent material and transfer to steel drums for recovery/disposal. Follow Federal, State and Local regulations in this regard.
7. Handling and storage
Avoid breathing high concentrations of vapors. Provide adequate ventilation for storage, handling, and use, especially in confined or low-rise areas.
Avoid contact with skin and/or eyes for long periods of time. Do not allow product to come into contact with open flames or electric heating elements as hazardous decomposition products may be formed.
Recommendations to minimize exposure
. Training of all staff.
. Keep in closed system as much as possible
. Adequate ventilation in mixing or filling areas
. Continuous monitoring in process areas
. Periodic testing of emissions at worker level
. Communication of handling procedures with repackers is required
FE-232 HCFC-123 should only be used as a portable extinguishing agent and never used as a total flooding agent where people may be present. The reason is that the concentration required for this product to function as a fire extinguisher is much higher than the LOAEL (it is the lowest concentration exposure test at which cardiac sensitization occurs in laboratory animals).
Use of FE-232 HCFC-123 for total flooding in locations where humans may be present could put them at risk of serious injury or death.
FE-232 HCFC-123 IS FOR USE ONLY AS AN EXTINGUISHING AGENT IN PORTABLE OUTDOORS, IN WIDE OPEN SPACES, ROOMS WITH ADEQUATE FORCED AIR EXCHANGE, OR UNOCCUPIED ROOMS.
FE-232 HCFC-123 has cardiac sensitizing effects at concentrations greater than 2 vol.% (LOAEL) by volume in air. The concentration required for extinction is 6.3 vol.% (“heptane cup burner value”). When the 30% safety factor is added for the design concentration, the resulting concentration is 8.2 vol.%. This is more than 4 times the concentration that can cause a cardiac event.
This product must be stored in clean and dry areas. Do not heat above 52°C (125°F)
8. Exposure control/personal protection
Use only with adequate ventilation. Keep container tightly closed.
Vapors are heavier than air posing an asphyxiation hazard if trapped in confined or low-rise areas.
Personal protection equipment
Wear safety glasses or goggles appropriate for handling chemicals.
Use NIOSH-approved respiratory protection if you are in danger of exceeding exposure limits. If the possibility of skin contact exists, have available and wear impervious protection: gloves, apron, pants and jacket.
PEL (OSHA) : None Established
TLV (ACGIH) : None Established
AEL * (DuPont) : 50 PPM, 8 &12 Hr TWA
WEEL (AIHA) : 50 PPM, 8 Hr TWA
* AEL is an Acceptable Exposure Limit established by DuPont. In the event that there are governmental occupational exposure limits lower than those given by the AEL, said limits will take precedence.
9. Physical and chemical properties
Boiling Point: 27.6°C (81.7°F) @ 760 mmHg
Vapor Pressure: 13 psia @ 25°C (77°F)
Vapor Density: 5.3 (Air = 1)
% Volatiles 100% by weight
Evaporation Rate (CCl4 = 1) less than 1
Solubility in Water 0.39% by weight @ 25°C (77°F)
Acidity (pH): Neutral
Smell: Slightly ethereal
Color: Clear, colorless
Liquid Density: 1.46 g/cc @ 25°C (77°F)
10. Stability and reactivity
The material is stable. However, avoid open flames and high temperatures.
Incompatibility with other materials
Incompatibility with powdered alkali or alkaline earth metals (Al, Zn, Be, etc.)
Polymerization will not occur.
Decomposition products are dangerous. Decomposition occurs by reacting with heat, open flames, incandescent metal surfaces, etc. At high temperatures, the product can decompose into hydrochloric and hydrofluoric acid and possibly carbonyl halides, these materials are toxic and irritating so contact with them should be avoided.
11. Toxicological information
Inhalation 4-hour LC50 : 32000 ppm in rats
Oral ALD : 9000 mg/kg in rats
Skin Absorption LD50 : > 2000 mg/kg in rabbits Animal testing indicates that FE-232 HCFC-123 is not a skin irritant or skin sensitizer, but is moderately irritating to the eyes. Toxic effects in animals in single exposures to concentrations equal to or greater than 5000 ppm include; unconditional reflexes, effects on locomotor activity and coordination, suggesting anesthetic effects. Single inhalations caused central nervous system effects such as; anesthesia and non-specific effects associated with lethal symptoms. Cardiac sensitization in dogs occurred at concentrations equal to or greater than 20,000 ppm. Repeated exposures to 300 ppm resulted in decreased cholesterol, triglyceride, or glucose, and increased urinary fluoride levels. At concentrations of 5000 ppm or more, there were anesthetic effects, a reduction in the number of lymphocytes, changes in the weight of different organs (including an increase in the weight of the liver), alterations in enzymes and a decrease in weight gain. Exposures of dogs, guinea pigs, or monkeys to 1000 ppm or higher induced mild or moderate liver damage. FE-232 HCFC-123 was shown to be non-neurotoxic in animals repeatedly exposed to inhaling the product at concentrations up to 5000 ppm.
Long-term exposures caused a decrease in body weight, reduction in cholesterol, triglycerides, and glucose, and increased urinary fluoride concentrations in rats. Inhalation of 300, 1,000, or 5,000 ppm for two years caused an increase in benign testicular tumors in male rats.
An increase in benign pancreatic and liver tumors was observed in rats exposed to 1000 or 5000 ppm. The tumors were considered late-occurring and were judged not to be life-threatening. The biological significance for man of these tumors is limited. Additionally, there is evidence that retinal atrophy was observed during this two-year study, both in controlled and treated animals, the significance of this fact is yet to be determined.
Animal data indicates that FE-232 HCFC-123 did not affect the reproductive cycle in rats. Animal data indicates no specific harm to the unborn animal.
FE-232 HCFC-123 does not produce genetic damage in bacteriological cell cultures or in the animals themselves; however, in one study genetic damage was caused in mammary cell cultures.
Inhalation of high concentrations of vapor is harmful and can cause cardiac irregularities, unconsciousness and even death.
Overexposure, via inhalation of vapors, may cause temporary nervous system depression accompanied by symptoms associated with anesthesia such as: dizziness, headache, confusion, loss of coordination, nausea, and loss of consciousness.
With overexposure (>2%), there is the possibility of temporary disturbances to the electrical activity of the heart with irregular pulse, palpitations, or inadequate circulation.
Toxic effects in animals at single exposures at concentrations equal to or greater than 5000 ppm include unconditional reflexes, effects on locomotor activity and coordination, suggesting anesthetic effects. Single inhalations caused central nervous system effects such as anesthesia and non-specific effects associated with lethal symptoms. Cardiac sensitization in dogs occurred at concentrations equal to or greater than 20,000 ppm.
12. Ecological information
The compound is expected to be slightly toxic.
96 h LC50, fathead carp: >77mg/l
13. Considerations for your disposal
Recover via distillation or transport to a licensed waste facility.
Follow Federal, State and Local regulations
14. Information for your shipment
Containers for transport
15. Regulatory information
Federal Regulations of the United States of America
TSCA Inventory Status: Reported/Listed
TITLE III RISK CLASSIFICATIONS SECTIONS 311, 312
Acute : Yes
Chronic : Yes
Fire : No
Reactivity : No
SARA Extremely Hazardous Substance – No
CERCLA Hazardous Substance – No
SARA Toxic Product – See Components Section FE-232 HCFC-123 is not listed as a total flood extinguishing agent by the US EPA, NFPA 2001, CEN, ISO 14520 or any other approval agency.
The USA EPA SNAP (“Significant New Alternatives Policy”) program evaluates new suppression agents. One of the criteria considered is the health of people and the environment. Approved agents must have the same suppressive qualities as Halon, not affect the ozone layer, and not be harmful to people or the environment.
NFPA 2001 “Standard on Clean Agent Extinguishing Systems” lists agents that are acceptable as total flood extinguishing agents, FE-232 HCFC-123 is not included in this document or any of the other documents cited above
16. Other considerations
Health : 1
Flammability : 0
Reactivity : 1
The Personal Protection score must be given by the user depending on the conditions of use.
The data in this Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) relates only to the material described above and does not relate to the use of this fluid in combination with any other material or in any other process.
MSDS Responsibility: MSDS Coordinator
Address: Wilmington, DE 19898
This information is based on technical information believed to be reliable. Subject to revision as additional knowledge and experience is gained.